STUDENT - INSTRUCTOR RELATIONSHIP
Seikido combines traditional oriental philosophy, as
described by General Choi Hong Hi, who founded modern Tae
Kwon Do shortly after World War 11, with the latest
practical teaching methods. Tae Kwon Do has for centuries
been an integral part of the culture and heritage of
Korean society. It is a martial art and sport, practiced
on military training fields and in school gymnasiums, as
well as private schools. As a martial art, it attempts to
build a strong sense of justice, fortitude, and humility,
with its strict discipline, physical conditioning, and
mental training. It is the proper mental attitude which
separates the true practitioner from the sensationalist
content with learning only the fighting techniques of the
General Choi describes the relationship between
student and instructor as based upon Confucian values,
which teach that the child remains implicitly obedient
and loyal to his parents throughout his life. From these
values, the student learns that he is expected always to
obey and respect his instructor. It is the instructor's
responsibility to build good character, to teach students
to be physically and morally strong, and to help
contribute to a more peaceful world.
A dedicated and sincere instructor is an absolute
necessity for any martial arts school; and the school can
only grow and mature with equally dedicated and sincere
students. Both instructor and student have a great
responsibility to each other, and their relationship must
be based upon mutual respect.
A GUIDE TO INSTRUCTORS
- Never tire of teaching. A good instructor can
teach anywhere and any time. Remember you cannot
abdicate the role of teacher, even outside the
- Teach scientifically and theoretically to the
best of your knowledge, and continually strive to
improve your knowledge. Keep up with the latest
techniques and incorporate them into the
- Be eager for your students to surpass you, it is
the ultimate compliment. A student should never
be held back. Send students to a higher
instructor or different school if they have
developed beyond your teaching capabilities for
their particular aptitude or ambition.
- Encourage students to visit other training halls
and tournaments. They may observe techniques
suited to them, and they may learn by comparing
their own techniques to inferior techniques.
- Realize your responsibility for the welfare of
your students. Help them develop good contacts
outside the gym. Encourage them to get to know
each other. There may be professional services or
business opportunities which can be beneficial to
- The students' development should take precedence
over commercialism. Concern with materialism will
lose the respect of students.
- Maintain a formal relationship with the students,
and avoid social or personal familiarity.
Personal affairs with students will lose their
respect and could create uncontrollable
situations and a dishonorable reputation. Never
take advantage of students by way of your
position of authority and leadership.
- Never betray a trust given in confidence.
- Always set a good example. Respect must
continually be earned, and never be taken for
- Always be honest. Never attempt to defraud your
students. Integrity is an essential part of
leadership. Make decisions based on what is best
for the students and the school.
TEACHING TECHNIQUES AND PROCEDURES
- Line the students up in straight lines and rows,
according to rank, highest belt facing front at
right. Wait for absolute silence. Bow to the
flags (at front) and bow to the instructor at the
beginning and end of each class, as a formal
ceremony. (Can begin in "seiza"
["murup gula"] to bow to flags.)
- Always do the warming up exercises slowly at
first, give the large muscles time to stretch to
prevent injury. Do cool down exercises at the end
of class after strenuous activity, especially
stretching the large leg and butt muscles.
- Do medically correct exercises only. Do not
slavishly copy old fashioned exercises which you
learned from other instructors. Investigate the
purpose and effect of each exercise before
teaching it, and discard any which are useless or
potentially harmful. Remember "no pain no
gain" is nonsense. Overexertion or injury
will slow a student's ability to learn and
- Encourage students to do warm up, stretching, and
conditioning exercises outside the formal class
time, before class or at home, so that more time
can be spent teaching actual techniques. Inform
them that it is their own responsibility to get
in shape, especially for competition.
- Make sure everyone moves together during all
exercises; to maintain order, prevent collisions,
and encourage team spirit.
- Explain proper techniques and why they are to be
performed in the manner they are taught. Explain
the physics behind the movements, and show their
component parts. If a student correctly
understands the physics, they can practice and
consolidate the technique, and can eventually
teach it themselves.
- Treat all students equally and show no
favoritism. Make sure individual attention is
distributed evenly among all students during the
- Never strike or abuse a student under any
circumstances. Controlled body contact is
permitted only during sparring or self defense
- Always maintain a quiet and calm demeanor, never
appear to get flustered or frustrated, and never
act temperamental, even under duress or in pain.
- Encourage the students to ask questions; and
always answer questions to the best of your
knowledge. If you do not know the answer, tell
the student you will try to find out, then make
sure you do.
- Teach the best techniques you know. Let the
students know if you modify or replace older
sparring or self defense techniques in the
- Try to teach every student something new every
class; but not more than they can absorb and
remember. Allow time to practice new techniques.
Pre-arranged step sparring or self defense should
form part of every class.
- Try to make each class a joyful experience, for
yourself as well as the students. Appreciate the
emotional thrill a student can experience from
accomplishing new things which they had
previously thought they were incapable of doing.
- Encourage the students to help each other learn.
Senior belts can be paired with more junior belts
to reinforce proper techniques and behavior.
- Always use positive reinforcement, which is the
most productive teaching method. Praise good
performance by the student when you notice it.
- Avoid criticizing. If a student does a technique
incorrectly, explain how to improve the physics
of the movement or stance.
- If a student must be criticized, do it in
private. - Explain that undesirable behavior can
not be tolerated, because it is discourteous,
wastes the other students' time, makes it
difficult for others to learn, and may result in
injuries to others as well as to themselves.
- Never ridicule or embarrass a student under any
circumstances, as it can destroy their self
- Try to build self confidence and self esteem in
each student. It is essential to producing
excellent students. This is best accomplished by
repeatedly complimenting students for some
attribute, action, or accomplishment, so that
they feel good about themselves.
- After a grading test, make a point in front of
the class of acknowledging and congratulating
each student for passing. After a tournament,
make a point of complimenting each student for
every award, or just acknowledging their courage
and initiative for even participating.
- Students must always be treated respectfully. It
is essential that their dignity be maintained.
This will help them, especially children, learn
to be respectful of others.
- Punishment is never to be used as a teaching
tool, because it is degrading and counter
productive to learning a responsible attitude.
Misbehavior is always the instructor's fault. If
a student needs to be punished, it indicates that
the instructor has failed to motivate the student
to accomplish his best, and has not instilled in
him the respect required to be a good student.
- If a student exhibits undesirable behavior, it
usually indicates insecurity, especially among
children. Make an effort to praise something
positive they do, even if it is difficult, in
order to encourage more positive behavior.
- If a student obviously does not want to
participate, you may eventually have to ask them
to leave. You may have to explain to the parents
that they really do not want to be here and
should try another activity.
Proper etiquette is an essential part of your
training. Please observe the following rules seriously:
- Bow to the front upon entering or leaving the
- Bow when first meeting an Instructor.
- Address the Instructor as "Sir".
- Answer clearly with "Yes Sir!" when
your name is called or when you are asked to line
- Keep your uniform clean and complete at all
- Keep fingernails and toenails neatly trimmed.
- No shoes, hats, jewelry, gum, food or drink in
- No loud talking, profanity, horseplay, or running
games in the gym or the halls.
- Always treat other persons and their property
with courtesy and respect, inside or outside the
- Sit cross legged or in kneeling position. Avoid
sitting with your back to the Instructor, or with
legs stretched out. No lying on the floor or
leaning on walls.
- Keep quiet while the Instructor is speaking or
- Remember you are here to learn. A respectful,
humble, and receptive attitude toward the art and
your instructor's efforts to teach you is
- Carry out the instructor's directives promptly,
do not keep the rest of the class waiting for
- If you are having trouble learning a technique,
first try to figure it out by watching others,
then raise your hand or approach the Instructor
- Do not teach any techniques without the
instructor's permission to do so.
- Set a good example for the other students,
especially for lower belts.
- Be on time, warm up or practice before class
begins. If you arrive late, sit stretching your
legs quietly on the floor at the back of the gym
until the Instructor grants permission for you to
join the class.
- Request permission from the Instructor if you
have to leave the gym for any reason before class
- You are responsible for your guests. During class
they may observe quietly on the seats provided in
the gym, and leave during breaks or at the end of
- Notify the Instructor if you are unable to attend
for more than one week.
- Please pay your membership dues promptly, at the
beginning of the term.
- Never misuse the techniques which are taught.
Seikido techniques are not to be used outside the
gym unless your safety or the safety of others
with you is in jeopardy. Your conduct reflects
upon the art and the Instructor.
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Created by XSystyms © Copyright 1996